SURFSIDE — Florida lawmakers are preparing a raft of proposals to increase regulation of the condo industry, including more-frequent inspections, in the wake of June’s deadly building collapse in the Miami area.

Legislators return to Tallahassee in September for meetings ahead of their regular session in January, but lawmakers from both parties are already calling for changes. Ideas range from adopting a statewide inspection requirement to mandating that condominium owners set aside financial reserves for future repairs, according to people involved in the discussions.

Many say the sense of urgency echoes other devastating events in Florida, including Hurricane Andrew in 1992, which brought broad upgrades to building standards, and the 2018 Parkland school shooting, which led to gun restrictions once considered untouchable in the Republican-controlled capital.

“The moment to fix some of these things that have been worrisome for years is now,” said Rep. Joe Geller, a Democrat whose district includes Surfside. “If that happens, the tragedy is no less, but it would be something if we can say to the survivors, the families, that we learned from this.”

Investigators are still looking into what caused the Surfside condo to collapse in the predawn hours of June 24, and it could take years for a definitive answer. As of Friday evening, the death toll stood at 79, with 61 people unaccounted for.

The president of the Champlain Towers South condo association told residents in an April letter that their building was in desperate disrepair and urged them to pay $15 million in assessments. The condo association had just over $700,000 in reserves, the letter indicated.

History shows that attempts to tighten condo rules in the state have been watered down, repealed or ignored. “Significant change is hard, and significant change that costs money is harder yet,” Mr. Geller said.

And already, pushback has begun.

The state’s existing condo law puts much of the responsibility in the hands of association boards, groups of owners who volunteer to help manage the building. Their duties can include communicating with city officials and choosing engineers to do inspections and contractors to make repairs. Boards have historically been reluctant to assess cost-conscious owners long-term maintenance fees, according to a number of real-estate professionals and lawmakers.

In 2008, a law was passed requiring any condo building taller than three stories to be inspected every five years and for reports to detail maintenance and replacement costs of common property. During negotiations, a provision was added giving owners the ability to waive that requirement. A 2010 law repealed the mandate altogether.

“It makes me mad as hell,” said former Rep. Julio Robaina, a Republican from Miami who wrote the 2008 bill, which grew out of a special committee on condos formed by then-House Speaker Marco Rubio. Mr. Robaina said lawyers for condo boards and property-management companies lobbied against such a requirement, arguing that it was too costly for their clients.

Mr. Robaina, who now works for a firm that does property management, has been urging current lawmakers to adopt a 30-year-recertification requirement, and to close a loophole that allows condo owners to vote against setting aside financial reserves. He said real-estate agents are pushing back on full funding of reserves out of fear it will price out moderate- and lower-income people and leave condos only for the wealthy.

The cost argument led to passage of legislation in 2017 to soften a law on retrofitting older buildings with fire sprinklers, but then- Gov. Rick Scott, a Republican, vetoed it after a building fire in London killed dozens of people.

Donna DiMaggio Berger, an attorney at the law firm that represented Champlain Towers South’s condo association and head of the advocacy group Community Association Leadership Lobby, said the group supports changes at the state level. She raised concerns about “the Florida Legislature’s tendency to impose mandates with high price tags for condominium owners while simultaneously making it more difficult for associations to collect assessments from delinquent owners and pursue claims against developers and contractors.”

Among the things the group is discussing is more-frequent and statewide mandatory structural certifications and a low-interest government loan program to help older buildings occupied by moderate-income residents, she said.

Edgardo Defortuna, a high-rise developer in South Florida, agreed that there should be more-frequent inspections and a requirement for owners of younger buildings to keep up with maintenance. But he fears a regulatory overreach.

“I hope that everybody is reasonable about doing, of course, everything that is needed to protect lives but not overdoing it to the point those people who live in those buildings are not able to,” he said.

Any legislation would require the signature of Gov. Ron DeSantis, a Republican who has built a national profile of his hands-off stance to masking and social distancing during the Covid-19 pandemic. Mr. DeSantis has been a regular presence in Surfside since the building fell, and local officials have credited him with offering assistance and handling the disaster well.

Mr. DeSantis this week didn’t commit to a statewide review of older condo buildings, saying the Surfside condo has unique issues. A spokeswoman, Christina Pushaw, said he wants to base decisions on facts. “It would be reckless to speculate what legislative and regulatory changes (if any) need to be made at this point, without a complete and comprehensive investigation,” she said.

Only two of Florida’s 67 counties, Miami-Dade and Broward, require buildings to go through a recertification process after 40 years. Officials in Miami-Dade, which includes the town of Surfside, are discussing lowering that, and some lawmakers want to see a standard across the state, or at least in coastal areas.

Condo boards have long drawn scrutiny in Florida, and some lawmakers have pushed for more transparency and accountability regarding record-keeping and financial management. Sen. Ana Maria Rodriguez, a Miami Republican, introduced legislation last year to increase oversight, but it failed to get a hearing. She plans to push for it again in the coming session.

“The people who represent the condominiums have done a very good job up until now keeping the legislature at bay,” Ms. Rodriguez said. “But this is a matter of life and safety. We cannot afford to continue delaying this type of legislation.”

Sen. Annette Taddeo, a Miami Democrat and former condo board president, supports more oversight and is advocating for closing the loophole on reserve funds. “Nobody likes an assessment, and they are usually steep,” she said. “But in this case it cost us lives.”